Success Story

Income generation and women empowerment through Mushroom cultivation


The real success in any sector be it agriculture, fishery, etc lies not only in improving the lifestyle of small & marginal farmers but also in upgrading & improving the lives of landless labourers who form the backbone of the sector. Mrs Anita D. Shira is one such landless labourers of a small village Koinadubi in Dalu block of West Garo Hills district. Though not a farmer, Anita Shira and her family are among the hundreds of landless poor labourers who work hard to earn their living. All this changed when she visited KVK, Tura under Indian Council of Agricultural Research to know about different income generating activities, so that she could adopt one in order to improve the living standard of her family. Accordingly she was advised on mushroom cultivation, Vermicomposting, pig rearing etc, but some how she came forward to adopt mushroom cultivation as it is a profitable small scale agribusiness with low investment & quick return. She attended a training programme on "Certificate Course in Scientific Cultivation of Oyster mushroom" With that certificate she availed loan of Rs 15,000/- from one private organization. She has started her own mini mushroom production unit. There is a good market for mushroom in the nearby town and wheat straw is also available in plenty. The mushroom spawns are readily available @ Rs 40/- per 500 gm. Also sometimes KVK, Tura helps her with seeds at times of emergency in order to encourage her.

Mrs Anita D. Shira has been able to grow 50 bags of oyster mushroom & has been able to harvest 80 kg so far and got net profit of Rs 9060/- by selling them @ Rs 120/- per kg from September 2009 to Feb 2010. with the profit earned she has been able to repay her loan back & see a smile on her family members face. Overall she is satisfied with the activity and wishes to continue in her venture.

Lakhapati by cultivating vegetables

Lakhpati farm Lakpati farm Sri Nikseng Sangma, a farmer of Noranggre village under Dalu block initially was a daily wages labour. After receiving training & procuring seeds from KVK, Tura started growing of vegetables such as Maize , Pumkin, Cabbage, Cauliflower,Radish etc. covering 0.13 ha of land during rabi season .In the starting year he could not earn much profit because of his lack of technical knowledge as well as financial problem and lack of confidence in vegetables cultivation but in the next year(2011-2012) he cultivated winter vegetables covering of 1.5 ha of land and earn about rupees One lakh sixty six thousand five hundred (Rs.1,66,500.00) and gained net profit of about One lakh nineteen thousand (Rs 1,19,000) excluding the cost of cultivation which is about Forty six thousand (Rs 47,000/-).

Promotion of HYV of Sali paddy "Ranjit"

The productivity sali paddy West Garo Hills is very low as compared to other parts of the country due to non availability of improved variety and non-application or hesitation to apply chemical fertilizers and method of cultivation.

Area Expansion of Bumper crop of Sali paddy Ranjit
Ranjit farm Ranjit farm

KVK Intervention:

The Output:
Particulars Yield(q/ha) Cost of cultivation(Rs/ha) Net Return(Rs/ha) C:B ratio
Ranjit 41.37 19,970/- 29,674/- 2.49
Local 25.70 15,540/- 10,160/- 1.65

Social Impact :

SRI paddy -Zero tillage greengram (var. Samrat)

The farmer of Garo Hills depends totally on rainwater for cultivation of sali paddy and prolong mid season or late season droughts during critical growth stage resulted in considerable loss to the farmers. Conventionally, after Sali paddy, fields remain fallow in lowland, mainly due to excess moisture owing to seepage from surrounding hillocks in mid altitude. Draining water from paddy field completely at physiological maturity ( about 10 days before harvest) creates favourable condition for successful cultivation of rabi crops following zero tillage after harvest of Sali paddy for enhancing cropping intensity, income and livelihood. Fallow land after rice might be due to traditional custom of free grazing of animals after Christmas (25 December). The resource conservation based innovation techniques of system of rice intensification (SRI) involves 10 days old seedlings at 1 seedling/ hill was transplanted in square system with 25 x 25 cm spacing. To address these problems of water scarcity and less production, resource conservation techniques of SRI methods of paddy cultivation using Ranjit variety was demonstrated in the NICRA villages. SRI method was introduced in five farmers field covering 1.5 ha area to 15 farmers. The average yield obtained by using SRI (46.53 q/ha) which was more than double as compared to traditional method of cultivation. These systems are gradually attracting farmer attention and more and more farmers are approaching the KVK to help them to demonstrate on their farm to cope with natural calamities like water stress, terminal drought due to climatic variability. After the harvest of Sali paddy, few pockets of farmers field were demonstrated with short duration (55 days) greengram variety samrat to increase the income during off season (rabi) rather than traditional fellow land and obtained 3.83 q/ha yield. The REY of 59.30 q/ha was recorded with SRI paddy-Zero tillage greengram leads to gave maximum benefit of 2.44 compared to traditional paddy-fellow system. The farmers are very much satisfied to get two crops in a year from the same field and are very much interested to follow the technology in the coming years.

RCT based Innovations SRI paddy yield (q/ha) Greengram yield (q/ha) System productivity (REY q/ha) Net return (Rs/ha) Benefit cost ratio
SRI paddy-Zero tillage greengram 46.53 3.83 59.30 52450 2.44
Farmers' Practice(Rice-fallow) 22.78 - 22.78 10836 1.66

Lakhpati farm Lakpati farm
SRI paddy with variety Ranjit Zero tillage greengram after SRI paddy

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